Animal Production > How We Can Help > Rodent Control for Poultry


Rodent Control for Poultry

Our Motomco Rodent Control System (MRCS) is comprised of 3 processes:

  1. Inspection & Identification
    • Identify rodent species involved.
    • Determine severity and location of the problem.
    • Identify where sanitation and rodent proofing are needed.
  2. Sanitation & Harborage Reduction
    • Remove rodents' food and water source.
    • Eliminate materials rodents use for shelter.
  3. Baiting Strategies


1. Inspection & Identification

Rodent signs help determine the size of the infestation and where the rodents are traveling and feeding.

  • Gnaw Marks
    • Mice:
      • 1/4 inch in width.
      • Holes are small, clear cut.
    • Rats:
      • 1/2 inch in width.
      • Holes are dug with rough torn edges
  Norway Rats Roof Rats House Mice
Scientific Name: Rattus Norvegicus Rattus Rattus Mus Musculus
Color: Brownish Red Dark Gray Black, Dusty Gray
Weight: 10-17 oz 8 oz 3/4 oz
Length (including tail): 12-18 inches 13-17 inches 6-7 inches
Body: Thick body, blunt nose Thin body, pointy nose Small head & body
Sexual Maturity: 2-3 months 2-3 months 1 month
Gestation Period: 23 days 22 days 19 days
No. of Young: 6-12 per litter 6-8 per litter 5-6 per litter
No. of Litters: Avg. 4-7 per year Avg. 4-6 per year Avg. 8 per year
Diet: Meats, fish, grains, almost anything Fruits, vegetables, seeds, grains Grains, cereals, meats, fish, etc.
Daily Food: 1 oz 1 oz 1/10 oz
Water Consumption: 1 oz 1 oz 1/20 oz
Length of Adult Life: 18 months 18 months 15-18 months
Feces: Blunt ends Pointed ends Pointed ends
Nests: Burrows, 100-150 ft from food & water Trees/Rooftops, 100-150 ft from food & water Corners, 10-30 ft from food & water



2. Sanitation and Harborage

  • Harborage Reduction
    • Eliminate the rodents' food and water source.
    • Identify harborage areas and recommend to the customer how to eliminate them indoors and outdoors.
    • Keep grass and vegetation cut short. Tall grass protects rodents from predators.
    • Keep overhanging trees cut back. Overhanging trees provide dark shadowy areas where rodents feel safe and protected.
    • Piles of debris should be removed from the exterior of the structure. Garbage and clutter around the perimeter provide food harborage areas for rodents.
    • A 3-foot wide barrier of cement or crushed rock should be established around the structure.


3. Baiting Strategies

For best results, follow the recommendations below. A year round bait rotation strategy that includes the use of a non-anticoagulant bait for at least 2 months per year should also be employed.

  • Perimeter of the Property
    • Place tamper-resistant bait stations along perimeter of the property.
    • Use Bait Chunx® as they can be secured inside bait stations on vertical or horizontal securing rods.
  • Exterior Baiting
    • Rodents tend to gravitate towards warm air currents or where food odors emerge.
    • Tamper-resistant bait stations or traps should be placed every 30-50 ft depending on the severity of the infestation.
    • Place bait or traps around all entry doors.
    • Monitor results - check bait stations regularly to gauge bait consumption. Replace old bait with a fresh supply and move stations with unconsumed bait to new locations.
    • Burrow baiting - place loose pellets deep into burrows to treat for rodents where they live.
  • Interior Baiting - Layer Houses
    • Place bait stations along walls and walkways, or near wall girder support poles - where rodents typically travel.
      • For rats: place stations every 30-50 ft.
      • For mice: place stations every 8-12 ft.
    • Place bait stations on ledges and walkways at 10 ft intervals if mice are a problem.
    • Set up permanent bait stations near entry doors to capture incoming rodents.
    • Rats and mice like to climb. Bait rafters, attics and other areas above ground by nailing Bait Chunx® directly to walls and rafters.
    • Place bait stations along the perimeter walls of manure pits and on wall ledges where rats and mice nest.
  • Interior Baiting - Broiler and Turkey Operations
    • When birds are present, baiting inside is limited to attics, rafters, curtain ledges and other spots high enough where birds can't get to the bait.
    • Use bait during flock turnover and cleanout when the house is empty. Baiting immediately after the house is empty reduces the impact of competing food sources and increases bait acceptance.
    • If non-target animals cannot get into the facility, bait with Chunx® nailed to rafters or use bulk pellets down burrows. Be sure to pick up any loose bait before a new flock moves in.